Since ancient times, when it still did not have energy sources capable of moving machines and had limited technical capabilities, man imagined the most complex machine in existence: an imitation of the human being himself. We find this fantastic image in Greek mythology where ancient texts narrate that animated statues, or mechanical automatons, guarded the labyrinth built by Daedalus, the first engineer in history.
Robotics pursues one of the oldest dreams of man, who has always built tools to increase his power and decrease fatigue. This activity has become one of the keys to economic progress, thanks to the machines of the industrial revolution of the nineteenth century and the automatic machines of the twentieth century. Today, advances in information technology, communications and new materials make it possible to equip automatic machines with enough intelligence to make them autonomous.
In the twenty-first century, humanity will find itself living with the first alien intelligence in its history, robots, with all the ethical and social problems that will follow.
There are problems that humanity will only be able to face through the use of robots. In particular, robots for the study and protection of the environment and robots capable of intervening in hostile environments to carry out the remediation of sites contaminated by toxic waste (chemical, radioactive or bacteriological) or the recovery of materials hazardous to the environment and human health in inaccessible places such as the sea bed.